Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598 – 1680)

GIAN LORENZO BERNINI The sculptor Bernini, born in Naples, was the second major artist who painted portrait caricatures, but in his case of well-known personalities. Such as these caricature of a Cardinal. He was also the designer of the colonnade of the St.Peter. His images and sculptures belong to the so called Baroque. With a focus... Continue Reading →


Jacques Callot (1592-1635)

A large part of the work of Jacques Callot is definitely influenced by the Comedia dell'arte and the street scene that he was acquainted with in Italy. His artist's life is full of adventure and experimentation. In 1592 he was born in Nancy in Lorraine as a descendant of a noble Burgundian family.  In 1604... Continue Reading →

Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)

RUBENS AND THE ANIMAL-HUMAN COMPARISON Rubens made no cartoons nor incidentally satirizing images, but he is interesting in the context of physiognomy, and specifically in the animal-human comparison. This subject is treated in the writings of Lavater.  Della Porta gave the example of the “Sheep-Man”. On authority of Lavater, della Porta and Sulzer orthodox physiognomy accepted... Continue Reading →

Annibale Carracci (1560-1609)

  Augustine and Annibale Carracci founded in Bologna the  "Academy of Incamminati". The emphasis lay on drawing after life with the intention to revive the pure style of Rafaël  and Michelangelo. But Annibale was also the first to draw exaggerated portraits in striking lines without any political or satirical intent. As a model he used... Continue Reading →

Federigo Zuccaro (1542-1609)

THE ACADEMY OF SAN LUCA In 1593 Federigo Zuccaro built a house in Rome, decorated it with frescoes, and opened it as a private academy. The name "di San Luca" was a convenient choice because the painters belonged traditionally to the Guild of St. Luke, where they were subordinate to the "paint mixers" with only... Continue Reading →

Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526-1593)

Arcimboldo was born in Milan and he worked at the court of Rudolf II in Prague, son of the Emperor Maximilian II. His fantastic portraits look at a distance like normal portraits. The objects (flowers, plants, books)he used are related to the characterization of the personages.                  ... Continue Reading →

Pieter Bruegel (1525-1569)

Pieter Bruegel was (probably) born in the vicinity of Breda and died in Brussels.  According to others, the name Bruegel was derived from the name of the village Breugel near the present Eindhoven. He was influenced by Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516). During his life the struggle between the Catholic Church and the Reformation burst out. This struggle began in... Continue Reading →

Titian (1487-1576)

Titian - Tiziano Vecellio- was born in Veneto in the Dolomits and became the primus of the Venetian school of painting (with among others Veronese, El Greco, Tiepolo, Tintoretto). He made famous allegorical paintings and portraits for instance one of Emperor Charles V. In 1506 the Laokon - a sculpture made on the island Rhodes in circa... Continue Reading →

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