Honoré Daumier (1808-1879)

Youth Years Daumier was born in Marseilles and the 13 year old boy began working as an assistant bailiff in Paris, where his family had moved in 1821. His father was a framer who also tried to make name by writing classical tragedies, an activity because of which his wife, son and two daughters nearly... Continue Reading →


Paul Gavarni (1804-1866)

- SULPICE CHEVALLIER/PAUL GAVARNI - He was born in Paris as Sulpice - Guillaume Chevallier. He was educated as engineer, but he also followed lithographic lessons with Jean Adams. In 1828 he returns from the Pyrenees and roams through Paris without work to get new and inspiring impressions. In 1829 he gets commands from the... Continue Reading →

Auguste Raffet (1804-1860)

Denis-Auguste-Marie Raffet studied in the workshop of Nicolas Charlet. He did not succeed as an academic painter, but developed an illustrative style mainly in the military genre.     He was also one the illustrators sought after by Philipon for La Caricature. But Raffet soon disliked the radical republican element of La Caricature and le... Continue Reading →

Charles Philipon (1800-1862)

The artist-journalist Charles Philipon played a key role in the political battle between Republicans and Legitimists / Bonapartists. Before the July Revolution of 1830, he participated in the liberal opposition against the press censorship of the reign of Charles X, with his magazine La Silhouette (1829-1830). During the Revolution of 1830 the last Bourbon king... Continue Reading →

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